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ʶҹóҡ·ҧҾ
ʶҹóǴš

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繡ѹдѺšҶ֧ ǴͺСԨ
ͧšЪǹ觼šзѺҡ·ҧҾ
͡ҡ "ѭҳ͹" ѧ价š㹢йաѾҡøҵ
ԹմöͧѺ٧ش е͡ա ҡѧоʧ
Էѡп鹿Ǵҧҵ  ֧֧ҷҨѹʹ㨡Ѻͧ
ͧҡ·ҧҾҡ觢鹡 С٭ѹͧʻժժԵ
biod1觼Ѩͧ ѡä 繵
мԵŷҧصˡ٭仴·㹻Ѩغѹ͹Ҥ 
ǹ٭¢ͧѾҡþѹءзմö
ͧҷоѲлѺاѹתѹѵ͹ª
㹴ҹҧ Ŵŧ кȷҡ¾ѧԹ ҵ
ҴöЪ¤ӨعءԵš

٭ҾѹͧþԵͺ
֧§˵ءóѭһҹ
»Ȩҡʹ㨢ͧҸóա
 

Ǵš 2000

          §ҹ  "ҾǴ 2000" http://www.unep.org   ͧçǴ
˻ЪҪҵ 繴ѭҳ͹·ѧ价š кbiod6
š ١ءҴҧعçТմö
㹡żԵкԡ÷ҧҡ
ԴµçͻЪҡ
кǴš   ֧ҹҹһȨо
͡ѹԷѡǴ öѹþѲ
ҧɰԨѧҧԭ˹
֧ѭҳ͹觤ԭҡ价Ǵǧѹ

          ѭҳ͹㹴ҹǴҡͧ  ੾ͧ 
ҡ·ҧҾ ١ŧҧѴਹ   㹡óջ
١ءءǶҧ äѵоתҡ   èѺҡԹ  ͧԹ 
âҴŹйԹŴŧ  Դþ  û͹ͧþ
Ǵ੾㹹дԹ û¡ҫ͹͡䫴Сҫ͹Ш
ҡ  觼šзš͹С¹ŧҧҡ  繵
͡ҡѹԧҡ  觷ѾҡùŧҧǴ 

          鹢ͧЪҡš㹻Ѩغѹ 6000 ҹ (úӹǹ͡ҧ͹
Ҥ 2542) СҳúԴšзǴ
иҵդö㹡üԵӡѴ  ШӹǹЪҡ÷ͧ
зкǴͧդӤѭ觢  㹢з žɷҧҡ
èҨ ѧҹ٧ռšзͪͧǴµç   

          ѨغѹǤԴͧ մöͧѺ٧ش (carrying capacity) 
ѧ繷ʹ㨡ѹҧҧҧ   ѵ٧شͧ͡Ѿҡ
biod5öԹҧ׹¤ö㹡
ԵкóҾͧкȹ觷ͧҤӹ֧֧
ҡ ˹ͧ˹觡ѵ٧ش
㹡ǷѾҡ ӹǹ٧شͧѵӷѺ
ըӡѴӹǹ˹觶ҡԹѵҹ仡Сз
ö㹡üԵ  蹤 ШѺѵŧ
ѵªԴ٭ѹ  繵  ǤԴͧմöͧѺ٧ش з͹
觷¹кԧ оѧҹкԴըӡѴ
ԹعԹҷкԴ ٹͧҧشͧ

ҹҺ...ѭǴšѹѺ˹㹻Ѩغѹ ٭¤ҡ·ҧҾ

          㹺ôһѭǴš˭ 5 ѭҢͧ ..2000
٭¤ҡ·ҧҾ ѹѺá Фҡ·ҧҾ
դ֧ѧͧժԵҹҪԴ դѹѹٻẺҧ
㹶蹷˹  ͧСͺдѺ
ҡдѺʻժ  дѺѹء дѺк 
biod8
͡ҡ鹤ҡ·ҧҾѧṺͧѺ
ԶժԵѲͧͧա  ѧ鹤ҡ-
ҧҾ֧դس Ӥѭ ջª
ŷ駷ҧɰԨСԡäӨعԵš
˵آͧ٭´ѧ ѵ觴ǹҧҵ
㹻ѨغѹѺԴҡѲҡüԵբҴ ˭ աâµǷҧҴ͡ҧᴹ

          ǹѭͧŧ ѭҷԹ ѹ˵ҨҡЪҡ
âµǢͧҴ ÷ӡɵἹ кҴ Ъͧҧ
ͧءءԹ㹺dzդشó
§ѹҡ ǡѹԹŧ

          ѭҹ   ùӹҧɵصˡʹú
㹤͹ҡ ֧ աѹԹ 觡Դšзҧ
áͧ  дѺԹŴŧ 蹴Թش û͹觹ӵҧ
繻ѭ˭ҡ  աçҨԴʧ觹Ӣ͹Ҥ

          ѭͧš͹С¹ŧҡš ԧʫ
ѵ٧ҡ㹻صˡ觼Դš͹ ѭҹҴ
ռšзþԵ㹸ҵЪԵѧͧաšѹҡҼ餹
ࢵ͹Ѵ ѭҢþ ͧ觹ҵԴǵúСüԵ
㹢зкɰԨͧաԺ⵷駷ҧúСüԵ  ѭҢ
þɡТµǵ仴  駡ʶҹ駢  ͡ҡ
ѧաû͹ͧþǴҧ

          ѭҷ繻ѭ˭ͧЪҤš ˹վ仨ҡ
ҾͧѾҡøҵǴ  ͧ
  ҷҡѡ֧ŧ͡зѭ  ੾
ȡѧѲҷͧèѹصˡѲҨԭ˹ҡ
 

ԭš : The Earth Charter 2000 www.earthcharter.org

          ҡ͹ѧ㹻 .. 2535 ..1992 աûЪشʹǴš
(Earth Summit'92) ûЪ˻ЪҪҵҴǴСþѲ (UNCED
 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development) ا
Ⱥҫ  Ъ繤Ӥѭջԭš
þѲҷ׹ԧ աèѴөѺҧ
͡ ؤͧèҡšѹԴѹ¹ ѡ
ǷҧԺѵþѲҷ׹ش  ҧԭšѺش
ҨҡûЪ͹չҤҹзʹ㨴ѧ

    š..ҹͧ

    ǹ˹觢ͧѡŷդǾѹѹ˭   š..ҹͧ
    ժԵª觪Ե˹  ѧͧҵԷԵ
    ü ͹¡ͧҧշش  š
    ҾǴ繵ѲҡâͧԵ  ״蹢ͧþԵ
    ФբͧªҵԢѺûͧšդó
    ੾ҡȺط Ҵ Թشó 駤ҡ¢ͧ
    ת ѵ кȷ  ֧ѧ Ǵ
    зѾҡͧǢͧѺء й鹨֧áԨѹ԰
    ͧҷлͧѡҪԵ駤ҡ

    ѡâͧþ觾ҫ觡ѹСѹԶժԵ׹ѧ仹
    º͹ҵðҹǷҧлԹžĵԡ
    ͡ôԹҹͧء˹·дѺؤ ͧøáԨ
    ѰʶҺѹҧ

    ѡ÷

    1. þšժԵ㹤ҡ·駻ǧbiod9

    2. ŪͧժԵ¤ ѡФ

    3. ҧѧЪҸԻ·դصԸ ǹ ׹
     ѹҾ

    4. ͧó Фͧš
    ͼ餹㹻Ѩغѹ͹Ҥ

    ó觤觢ͧк

    5. ͧп鹿٤ó觤觢ͧкȢͧš¤˹ѡ
    ҧ觵ҡ·ҧҾкǹ÷ҧҵԷӨع
    þԵ

    6. ͧѹѹѹԸա÷շش㹡þԷѡǴ  ͤbiod7
    㹴ҹ ըӡѴ ԹôǷҧѴѧ

    7. ԺѵԵٻẺüԵ úС׺Ҿѹ
    »ͧѹѡҾͧš㹡Ե  Էª
    Фբͧ

    8.Ѳҡ֡ǡѺ׹ͧк š¹
    ûء֡ҧҧҧ

          ԭšѹԴ¹»ЪҤšѺѧ繩Ѻԧ
ǤԴСûԺѵԷٻ Think Globally, Act Locally  (ǧšҧ
äҧͧ) Шйʹ͵ͧ˻ЪҪҵ繪ͺ㹻 ..2002
 

Ǵ» 2000 www.earthcharter.org

          §ҹ ʶҹóǴ 2000 ӹѡҹҤš (World Bank)
ا෾ к «ͧҡ·ҧҾӤѭ
շŷҧdzѡɳⴴ蹷ҧʵҾ
դشó仴¾óתоѹѵҹҪԴ кȷҡ
ͧ¡ѧա٭¤ҡ·ҧҾҧǴеͧ
˵ӤѭͧҨҡŴŧҧҡͧ鹷 ҪŹ  о鹷
biod3Ѩغѹ鹷͹ѡͺͷҳ 8 ҹΡ 
ͻҳ 16 ͧ鹷ҹ 觻Сͺ仴
طҹ觪ҵԷҧ  65   ࢵѡҾѹѵ 44
ࢵѵ 54 ǹطҹ 57 ǹġʵ 5
ǹءҵ 44 㹻 .. 2541  طҹ觪ҵԷҧ
18 觫觤ͺͷҳ 3 ҹ

          ͡ҡѧաк óתҳ 100 ԴʶҹҾ٭ѹ
ӡ 900 Դҡ٭ѹ   ѺѵҾ
٭ѹҧ Сͺѵ§١¹ 13 Դ 38 Դ ѵ¤ҹ
7 Դ  ͡ҡѵ§١¹ա 35 Դ ա 69 Դ ѵ¤ҹ 5 Դ
л 29 Դ㹢٭ѹ

          ҹ§ǹ˹͡ʶҹóǴ 2000
ʹӤѭҧҹǴ㹻 觷˹ѧͤ
Ѻ͡áطҹǴժ Building Partnerships for Environmental
and Natural Resource Management ѴӴѺӤѭʹѺʹع
ҹԹͧҤš  Ҿз͹աҾ˹觷ʹйѺҧ
 

ἹѲ ѺǴзѾҡêҾ 2000++

          ἹѲɰԨѧ觪ҵ Ѻ 8 (..2540-2544)   ᵡҧҡἹ
Ѻ 1-7 ҹ  ֧Ѻ繨ش¹ӤѭͧҧἹѲһ
㹴ҹǤԴ¹ " ٹҧͧþѲ" ɰԨ
ͧͪ¾Ѳ餹դآդسҾԵբ  
㹴ҹкǹ÷ἹԴ͡餹·ءҢҪվǹҧ
ǹҤǻǹ㹡÷Ἱ;Ѳѧ·֧ö
͹Ҥ ǡѹաҧǤԴطʵ㹡þѲһ
ἹѲ Ѻ 8 ˹طʵ èѴ÷ѾҡøҵǴ
ͺ֧ÿ鹿ٺó ͹ѡѾҡøҵ 駴Թ з  駻ͧѹǴ㹪ͧ  Ἱ Ѻ 8 ҹ令觷ҧ
Ҿ ʶҹóѾҡøҵ ǴӤѭ մѧ仹

    1. ѾҡôԹ͡ɵŧ

    ͡ҡԹҾҵе͡л١ Թ Թbiod2
    Թ дԹ  ըӹǹ֧ 182 ҹ 57
    ͧ鹷ǤشóͧԹѧ١
    ҡêҧѧ¶֧ 40.4 ҹ 13 ͧ鹷
    дԹ١¨ҡл١תҧͧ
    ¢ҴûѺااԹҧ  ͡ҡѧաù
    鹷ԹդسѵСѺл١ת͡Ԩ
    ᷹ çҹصˡ 繵

    2. ѾҡùҴŹҡ

    âµǢͧЪҡèҡ֧ 60 ҹСԨҧɰԨҧ
    ͧ  ͡ҡ¡ҧ¢ͧЪҪ
    нͽ駪ǧҹҹ觼ҾâҴŹ
    عç  ҡ֡ҢѡҾþѲӷҪҳҨѡ
    Ҵ âҴŹӨ鹨ҡ 5700 ҹ١ȡ/ 㹻 2536
    6240 ҹ١ȡ/㹻 2549  ͡ҡ ùӹӺҴҧҡ
    Դ÷شǢͧ蹴ԹСáͧ  ੾
    ࢵѧѴطûҡطҤѵҡ÷شŧ֧ 3 ૹõͻ 
    кdzԷ˧ش 1 ѧŴŧ 1 ૹ

    3. лҪŹŧҧͧ

    鹷١Ŵŧҡӹǹ 171.0 ҹ 53.3 ͧ鹷
    㹻 2504 § 81.1 ҹ 25.3 ͧ鹷㹻 2541
    觹ѺѴǹ㹢§ѹµ͡ѡҤŢͧк
    վ鹷ӡ 40 ͧ鹷  

    ѺҪŹ վ鹷Ŵŧҡ 2.23 ҹ㹻 2504 1.05 ҹ㹻 2539
    Ŵŧ֧ 50 ͧҡ١ª͡ԨҧɰԨҧ
    ҷ §駡Ҵ ÷ӹ 繷駢ͧ 觼šз
    кȪ½觷ūоѹѵӢҴ硷ǧ
    ͧѵŵҧ

    4. žɷҧ ҡ § ٧

    ҡǨ㹻 2541 سҾ觹駻 ҳ
    19 ࡳ ôçԵͧѵػ
    53 ࡳ͡ɵػ  ա 28
    觹ӷդسҾ 繵ͧҹкǹûѺاسҾӷ仡͹ 

    سҾҡࢵͧ˭  ͧصˡ ͧաáҧз
    èҨ˹ ੾ࢵا෾ҹսͧҴ硡 10
    ͹ öкҧԹ㨪 ջҳ٧ش 225
    á/١ȡ  ٧ 1.9 Ңͧҵðҹ (120 á/ź .)
    ǹҫ⫹Թࡳҵðҹ§硹   Ѻҫ͹-
    ͹͡䫴 ਹ͡䫴  Ы͡䫴ӡࡳҵðҹ
    ǹ㹾鹷еҧѧѴ ͧ繻ѭѡ ͧŧҤ ҫ⫹

    žɷҧ§  dz鶹зաèҨ˹
    ࢵا෾ҹл  дѺ§ 24 Թҵðҹ
    70 ഫ  ǹҤдѺ§ǹ˭ѧԹҵðҹ

    5. ͧջҳҡ зմö㹡áӨѴըӡѴ

    㹻 2541 Ž¨ҡջҳ 13.6 ҹѹ  37,250 ѹ/ѹ 
    鹷ѧջѭҢеҧöӨѴ  ͧѹ¨ҡ
    صˡ ըӹǹ 1.4 ҹѹ  ١仡ӨѴٹԡáӨѴҡصˡ-
    ҺҾش ѧѴͧ  ٹԨоѲ͡͹ѡǴ
    Ҫ ѡ  öӨѴ§ 14.8 ͧͧ· 
    ͧѹ¨ҡջҳ  332,000 ѹ ǹ˭١Ѻ
    Ž·  աóçѴ¡ͧѹ·㹶ѧѹ
    ا෾ҹèѴ觪ҧ  ҵáôѧѧʺ
    ҷ   ǹŽµԴͨҡʶҹҺŢͧѰǻ
    աáӨѴŽµԴͻШçҺŵҧ Ѵҧ 770
    öӨѴ 91 ͧҳ

          ҡþѲ 3 բͧἹ Ѻ 8 աػ֧ʶҹóҾ
šзþѲҷӤѭ㹴ҹҧ  ͹ѹѧ㹷й੾ͧ
ǡѺѾҡøҵǴ з͹繶֧
ʶҹóҡ·ҧҾͧ ҧ

          ѭǴռšзͤسҾԵͧѧ繻ѭҵͧ
سҾӢͧ觹ѧջѭ   سҾҡբѧդعç
Թࡳҵðҹ੾ࢵͧ˭  ѭҢŴŧҳͧѹ
ҡصˡЪ硹  ѭҷӤѭ 鹷١
Ŵŧҧͧ§ 25 ͧ鹷駻 㹢ԡĵ
§͡ѡҤŢͧк Фҡ·ҧҾ ռµç
ͤسҾԵͧЪͺ

          ͹ѡп鹿ٷѾҡøҵǴѧԹҡ
ѹѺѭҤԴҧͧ㹪ǧ 2538-2541 鹷ŧŧ
»лҳ 3 ʹ  û١ҷ§лҳ 127,500    Ѻ
鹿ٷѾҡû ŴԹҹѧѴਹѧջѭҤѴҧ
ǻҴ˭Ъǻ鹺ҹ  ǹͧա¡ҧҪѭѵ
Ҫ 繡躷Է㹡úûҪʹѺʹعÿ鹿
   աЧѺ§駡ҴࢵӨ״  С¡ҧҪѭѵԷѾҡù 
駡͹ѵἹԺѵԡ͹ѡªҡ·ҧҾ
ҧ׹ ..2541-2545
  ѧԹٻҷ 㹢зͧ
лЪҪ蹵Ӥѭ պҷ㹡èѴǴҡ觢

ǷҧԹҹ㹪ǧѧͧἹѲ Ѻ 8 (..2543-2544)
֧繵ͧӤѭѺ͹ѡ 鹿
ѾҡøҵǴԴŷҧԺѵҧͧ
੾СŴѴ駢ͧѾҡøҵ
СԷҾáӨѴž
зѾҡøҵǴ繻Ѩǹ˹
㹡ôçԵͧЪҪ  ТҴŹҡ
ա繴ҹǴ㹡áմѹҧäҡ
äšмѡѹ͹ǡѺѾҡøҵ
Ǵ繢͵ŧҧҡ
 

Ἱ Ѻ 9 : ҧ ª

          úèѴ÷ѾҡøҵǴἹѲ Ѻ 9
Ӥѭ͡ҷͧͧ СǹͧЪҪЪ
㹡ôѡШѴǴ㹷ͧ蹢ͧͧ͹þѲҧ׹
ǷҧӤѭôԹõ ҧ䡡úèѴ÷Ѿҡøҵ
Ǵ繷Ѻͧء  ੾С͡»Ҫ
зѾҡù  èṡࢵªԹࢵªҧ
ùѡüž繼㹡úèѴҧٻ  С
ҷͧ㹡͹ѡп鹿ٷѾҡøҵǴ

          ҧá ͹ѡ鹿СèѴ÷ѾҡøҵǴ
ͨӡѴҡ  ͧҡմöС䡢ͧҤѰ㹡ôԹ
䢻ѭҤͧѾҡøҵǴըӡѴ  繡õѺ
biod4µѭ  ੾лѭҴҹúѧѺ顯
С䡡úèѴ ʹͨӡѴҹҳ
ѧԴ͡ ͧǹҧ
ԴѴ駢ͧѧ  ͡ҡѧҴԨ
Ѳ෤շ繻ª͡þѲҷѾҡøҵ
Ǵ 駻ЪҪǹ˭ѧǹҡҷ ТҴ
ШԵӹ֡㹡͹ѡоѲա

          ἹѲ Ѻ 9 (..2545-2549) ἹͧҡἹѲ Ѻ 8
кǹ ǤԴзȷҧѡ ִѪ " ٹҧþѲ"
  "ɰԨ§"  ҧ " ҹ" 蹢ͧἹǷҧ
㹡 ԹԶժԵͧ ҧúèѴ÷Դ
¹ŧѧ  ¡þѲ "ѧسҾ" դžʹ鹡
觵ͧѡ   "ѧԻѭС¹" 駡þѲ
"ѧҷõ͡ѹ"

          ;ԨóҵǷҧͧἹ Ѻ 9 ҧ ѧ繼餹ѧ
աǧҤǡѺҡ·ҧҾҡ  դ㨵çѹ
ǴзѾҡͧǢͧѺء   ˵طԧͧ٭
ҡ¢ͧþԵкȷѺҨҡԨҧ ͧ
֧áԨͧҷЪ¡ѹ䢻ѭҵҧ п鹿ҾǴ
ҹ  Ҩդ͹ҧ͹Ҥ
 

ѧԻѭС¹ -
ͧҹҡ·ҧҾͧ

          ÷դҡ·ҧҾ٧ ¶֧ շѾҡêҾ
繨ӹǹҡٻẺº͹ " ѾӤ" ͤ¡ä鹾
ѡԨͷԴªͻȪҵҧ׹ 
ҡա֡Ҥ鹤 ԨͧлѾͧռҢش
ѵԢͧҡ礧ŧ зѾҡêҾաҡªԴ
Ҩ٭ѹ·ѧѹѡ çþѲͧ֡ҹº
èѴ÷ѾҡêҾ㹻 ç BRT
http://brt.biotec.or.th
Թͺú 5 Ǩ֧º͹ش¹ӤѭͧǧԷʵ-
鹰ҹҹԷͤ鹤Ңž鹰ҹǡѺժԵҧ ШѴШ
Ҿȷҡ¢ͧ ͧ ѹй
͹ѡСèѴ÷ѾҡêҾͧҧ 駡ҧ
ѡԨ´ҹԷѺҹͧ

          "" "Ҷ֧" ҡ·ҧҾ Ъ·
§ͧþ ֧ѹҧԷʵ鹰ҹѺԻѭҷͧ
ԶժԵ Ѳ   зһࢵ͹§
ͧҡ·ҧҾҹ ѧͧҡ·ҧѲ
ա  ͡ҡѧһШѡ "繷" 駶֧ҵẺ "ͧ"  Ѻվ..2539 繵Ҩ֧йç BRT ѧҧѭ
ѺѧǡѺҡ·ҧҾҧͧ 觶ͺʹͧ͡
ѲһȵἹ Ѻ 9 ͹ѧ ѧԻѭС¹
ǺѺö㹡觢ѹ
  ѧҷõ͡ѹ 

          Ҩ֧͹ʹ觤ҡ·ҧҾ㹻ʹͷءҹ
Ҫ䫴ͧٻẺͧ¹ҹк͢ World Wide Web
Web-based course Ԫ ҡ·ҧҾ㹻 (Introduction to
Biodiversity in Thailand)
  ͤС仴¡ѹҧؤɰԨ -
෤ժҾ 2000

ѹ 29 ѹҤ ͧء
ѹҡ·ҧҾ (ҡ)
ͧҡ͹ѭҴ¤ҡ·ҧҾ
(Convention on Biodiversity) ռźѧѺѹ繵